Heating & Cooling Solutions for Defense
Oorja has been very closely working with many organisations within this sector, including Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Border Police and others. The sector faces unique challenges primarily because many of the stations and outposts are in very remote, sometime off-grid and sensitive locations. Hence, the solutions for this sector have to be developed keeping in view availability, maintainability, economics, ease of installation, ecological and environmental impact and above all the national interest.
Logistics Supporting Living Conditions of military personnel: As they prepare for winter, on a daily basis, a fleet of more than 1000 trucks go out daily to many of the border outposts going navigating a very tough terrain to stock these outposts with kerosene, oil, food, medicine, etc. The personnel have to not only drive through extreme roads and climatic conditions, but those at the outposts have to endure the winters with very limited amenities and basic facilities, yet protecting our borders with not-so-friendly neighbours. The size and scale of all this operation over the years has made it one of the most unique one and costs quite a lot to our government, besides they rely to a large extent on fossils.
Space Heating for Buildings/Barracks/Hangars: In the remote hilly areas of the northern and north-eastern India, there is a huge requirement of space heating for men and machines. Since the outside temperatures can go up-to -40 deg C, all the facilities need constant heating throughout the day as well as during the nights. The heating solutions needed for these locations have to have low CO2 emissions, low humidity drying, low fuel consumption and extremely low environmental footprint.
Another area which needs heating is the Green House vegetable and fruits growing facilities in these areas. A typical greenhouse facility won’t work in these areas as the outside temperatures reach well below 0 deg C. Apart from providing the basic greenhouse glass facility, these areas have to be augmented with additional heating for the fruits and vegetables to grow.
Apart from the extremely cold conditions, these areas have one of the best solar irradiation available in the country. Owing to this, these are extremely suitable locations for technologies harnessing solar power. To provide solutions to the challenges faced by the defense personnel in these areas, there should be a holistic approach rather than a one problem-one technology-one solution plan.
We have been part of the project in developing one of this only kind border outpost station which is aNET ZERO facility. The solution was designed to attain ZERO fossil or at least minimise it. It has not only managed to provide a NET ZERO solution for the energy needs of the personnel in the outpost but has done it along with significantly improving the living conditions and considerably cutting down the logistical nightmare of transporting we talked about earlier. The solution was developed using Solar Thermal, Solar PV, Radiant Heating and Geo-thermal. There are many such locations across different divisions of Indian military that needs to be developed, and, of course, more NET ZERO buildings all across our cities and country.