Oorja has been very closely working with many organizations within this sector including Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Border Police and others. The sector faces unique challenges primarily because many of the stations and outposts are in very remote, sometime off-grid and sensitive location. Hence the solutions for this sector have to be developed keeping in view availability, maintainability, economics, ease of installation, ecological and environmental impact and above all the national interest.
Logistics Supporting Living Conditions of military personnel : As preparation for winter, on a daily basis, a fleet of more than 1000 trucks go out DAILY to many of the border outposts going through a very tough terrain to stock these outposts with kerosene, oil, food, medicine, etc, etc. Not only do the personnel have to drive through extreme roads and climatic conditions, but the personnel at the outposts have to endure through the winters with very very limited amenities and basic facilities, yet protecting our borders with not so friendly neighbors. The size and scale of all this operation over the years has made it one of the most unique one and costs quite a chunk to our government and not to mention a great deal of reliability on fossils.
Space Heating for Buildings/Barracks/Hangers : In the remote hilly areas of the northern and north-eastern India, there is a huge requirement of space heating for men and machines. Since the outside temperatures can go up-to -40 deg C, all the facilities need constant heating through out the day as well as during the nights. The heating solutions needed for these locations are to be low CO2 emission, low humidity drying, low fuel consumption and extremely low environmental effect.
Another area which needs heating is the Green House vegetable and fruits growing facilities in these areas. A typical green house facility won't work in these areas as the outside temperatures reach well below 0 deg C. Apart from providing the basic green house glass facility, these areas have to be augmented with additional heating from the fruits and vegetables to grow.
Apart from having extremely cold conditions, these areas have one of the best solar irradiation available in the country. Coz of this reason, these are extremely suitable locations for technologies harnessing Solar power. Providing solutions to the challenges in these areas, should have a holistic approach rather than a one problem-one technology-one solution approach.
We have been part of the project in developing one of this only kind border outpost station which is a NET ZERO facility. The solution was designed to attain ZERO fossil or at least minimize it. Not only has it provided a NET ZERO solution for the energy needs of the personnel in the outpost but have done it along with significantly improving the living conditions and significantly cutting down the logistical nightmare of transporting we talked earlier. The solution was developed using Solar Thermal, Solar PV, Radiant Heating and Geo-thermal. There are many such locations across different divisions of Indian military that needs to be developed. And of course more NET ZERO buildings all across our cities and country.